Gastritis is considered a common disease that affects both adults and children. Treatment of inflammation of the gastric mucosa should be comprehensive: to include recommended medications, physiotherapy and a healthy lifestyle. A leading role in the treatment of diseases plays a diet diet diet gastritis able to mitigate the unpleasant symptoms and to prevent further deterioration of the patient.
Diet is a special diet. It includes food, drinks and meals that spare the gastric mucosa and is able to adjust the intensity of allocation of gastric juice.
Diet for gastritis – it is not just a list of permitted and prohibited products. This is a special approach to nutrition, which involves adherence to important principles:
Patients suffering from gastritis, it is not necessary to refuse physical activity. On the contrary, physical exercise with a moderate load, swimming, yoga will contribute to the speedy digestion of food. Also, special attention should be paid to healthy lifestyle – no Smoking, no alcohol consumption, to respect the day.
Any diet, including inflammation of the stomach, must provide the body sufficient nutrients and energy to be comprehensive and rational.
Diet with the disease in an acute form has a lot of limitations, but the list of products in General is extensive.
Considered to be the most useful product for patients with gastritis. To start the morning everybody, regardless of the form of the disease, it must be kas. They are rich in carbohydrates, provide the body with energy and minerals and fiber content by improving the function of the stomach and intestines.
Soups, which are included in the diet must be cooked in strong broth. Bones, fat, meat and spices when cooking, do not use. Soup ingredients must be chopped very finely, ideally barbatus in the mashed potatoes. The dish turned out thicker, you can add roasted wheat flour. Get mucous soups, cooked on the basis of oat and rice cereals, with vegetable, but not butter.
What is gastritis from the first dishes:
Connecting imagination and combining approved products for gastritis, you can cook a variety of soups – delicious and healthy.
Fish is the main source of protein in the body, besides its meat is quickly digested and does not overload the digestive system. Unsaturated fatty acids omega-3 restore the affected epithelium of the stomach and act as an antioxidant.
The use of fish for gastritis depends on its fat way of cooking. You are allowed to eat only low-fat varieties of fish: Pollack, hake, perch, sea lemons. and flounder. The product should be eaten only after the heat treatment, with the exception of frying. Fish can be steamed in the slow cooker, to eat boiled to make steam fish cutlets, meatballs, soufflé and soup.
Salt fish if gastritis is forbidden, but in remission it is allowed to eat a small amount of herring exclusively homemade. In this case it is possible to independently control the amount of salt in the product and not to harm the stomach.
Meat is a heavy product and difficult for the body to digest. But diet meats in moderate amounts will contribute to the restoration of the gastric mucosa due to the supply of protein. To the allowed meats include rabbit meat, Turkey, chicken and beef. But under one condition: the product must be low-fat and do not fry. Meat before eating better boiled or steamed, in remission are allowed to eat baked meat products.
Doctors advise not to mix meat with other foods, otherwise the stomach can not cope with the dish.
Raw vegetables are allowed to eat only in the period of remission of the disease. While gastroenterologists advised to keep a food diary in which to note the reaction to each of the types. Vegetables should not contain rough fibres that irritate the gastric wall. They need to be boiled or stewed.
What can I eat gastritis:
Green vegetables should be restricted in gastritis with high acidity. Outside of an exacerbation of the pathology is possible to eat cucumbers, peeled and grated on a grater. Vegetables can be prepared not only soups, but also delicious puree, souffle, side dishes, stews, and casseroles.
“Fruit” list, what you can and can't eat for gastritis includes the following fruit:
All fresh berries and fruits contain acid, which can cause irritation of the gastric mucosa. The following list includes the most secure results. But it is better if they are to undergo heat treatment before inclusion in the diet.
From the berries you can prepare delicious fruit drinks, kissels and compotes, pears and apples to bake. The exception is for lesions with insufficient secretion – these patients can eat citrus, berries and fruits in raw form. To prevent fermentation, the fruit is better to eat separately from the first and second courses.
Dairy must be included in the diet for gastritis. Whole milk as a separate drink eat moderately it hard to digested and digested for a long time. Better add it to tea, cereal, and soups. Useful in gastritis is goat's milk. It is believed that it can reduce inflammation of internal organs.
Good action has and cottage cheese. It is prepared casseroles, wind cheesecakes and dumplings. If you want you can eat fresh cheese – enough to wipe it through a fine sieve.
In the minimum doses allowed the use of cheese – mild and unsalted. To the allowed foods include fermented baked milk and low-fat sour cream, and acidophilus.
Egg omelets are served steamed, boiled, but not boiled and not more than one egg daily.
Good effect on the mucous cover of stomach crunches and staled white bread. Crackers can macerate in strong tea. Through the day are allowed to add to the diet nesdobnoe cookies without chocolate or muffins. As a garnish you can eat macaroni and vermicelli.
Gastritis is allowed such hortensius juice from sweet apples, cherry, pears, peach, cabbage, tomato and potato. Juices need to be diluted with cold water and drink warm.
Useful for stomach problems, decoction of rose hips, green tea, weak black tea with milk, juice, non-carbonated mineral water, jelly.
Properly structured nutrition when inflammation involves the rejection of foods that irritate the stomach lining, hinder digestion and cause excessive fermentation. With any form of gastritis are prohibited:
In the preparation of the diet is necessary to conduct diagnosis to determine the level of acidity and secretory function of the stomach. In General, dietary recommendations, nutrition for gastritis with high and low acidity can vary greatly.
Diet is prescribed for the period of exacerbation. As the attenuation of inflammatory processes gradually turn to the usual, but a balanced diet. Restrictions continue to apply to products that may exacerbate pathology and heaviness in the stomach.
Gastritis is one of the few pathologies that can be treated with the help of competently composed diet. Should be patient to reconsider the way of life and attentive to their own health.